Category Archives: setacl commands

Set Permissions using SetACL

Using SetACL to provide permissions
Command1: Providing registry permissions to Authenticated Users group

setacl.exe “MACHINE\SOFTWARE\AHouse\GEPUIS ORBIX” /registry /grant “Authenticated Users” /full /i:cont_obj_inh /p:yes /r:cont_obj /silent
OR using S-ID
“MACHINE\SOFTWARE\AHouse\GEPUIS ORBIX” /registry /set “S-1-5-11” /full /sid /silent

Command2: Providing Folder permissions to Authenticated Users group

setacl.exe “c:\AudioTools\GIMP” /dir /set “S-1-5-11” /change /sid /silent
Change the group name / S-ID according to your requirement
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SetACL Commands

SetACL

SetACL is a tool for manipulating permissions, or, to be more exact, security descriptors (SDs). SDs are used on operating systems based on Windows NT to control access to securable objects.
SetACL is a tool for manipulating permissions.

SetACL is relatively feature complete and bug free. SetACL has been fast and stable from the very beginning!
SetACL can set permissions on:

• Local or remote directories
• Local or remote files
• Local or remote printers
• Local or remote registry keys
• Local or remote Win32 services
• Local or remote network shares
The following special features distinguish SetACL from similar programs:
• Use all special permissions of Windows 2000 in the file system and in the registry.
• Block the inheritance from the parent object while copying the ACL from the parent object or clearing it.
• Specify how permissions are inherited to child objects: container, object or container + object.
• Set permissions for any type of user or local / domain local / global / universal group.
• Set permissions on any machine; it does not matter whether the target machine is in a trusted domain, an independent domain or a workgroup.
• Use wildcards in object names (only works in the file system).
• Recursively set permissions on any sub-object in the file system and in the registry.
• Set, grant, deny or revoke permissions.
OPTIONS

-on           ObjectName
-ot             ObjectType
-actn        Action
-ace          “n:Trustee;p:Permission;s:IsSID;i:Inheritance;m:Mode;w:Where”
-trst         “n1:Trustee;n2:Trustee;s1:IsSID;s2:IsSID;ta:TrusteeAction;w:Where”
-silent –on          “c:\windows\inf\USBSTOR.INF” -ot FILE -actn trustee -trst 
                            “n1:everyone;ta:remtrst;w:dacl”
-dom        “n1:Domain;n2:Domain;da:DomainAction;w:Where”
-ownr       “n:Trustee;s:IsSID”
-grp          “n:Trustee;s:IsSID”
-rec          Recursion
-op            “dacl:Protection;sacl:Protection”
-rst               Where
-lst             “f:Format;w:What;i:ListInherited;s:DisplaySID”
-bckp          Filename
-log            Filename
-fltr          Keyword
-clr               Where
-silent
-ignoreerr

Parameters:

Object Name: Name of the object to process (e.g. ‘c:\mydir’)

ObjectType:     

Type of object:
file:       Directory/file
reg:        Registry key
srv:        Service
prn:        Printer
shr:        Network share

Action:            
Action(s) to perform:
ace:          Process ACEs specified by parameter(s) ‘-ace’
trustee:    Process trustee(s) specified by parameter(s) ‘-trst’.
domain:   Process domain(s) specified by parameter(s) ‘-dom’.
list:           List permissions. A backup file can be specified by parameter ‘-bckp’.Controlled by parameter ‘-lst’.
restore:    Restore entire security descriptors backed up using the list function. A file containing the backup has to be specified using the parameter ‘-bckp’. The listing has to be in SDDL format.
setowner: Set the owner to trustee specified by parameter ‘-ownr’.
setgroup: Set the primary group to trustee specified by parameter ‘-grp’.
clear:        Clear the ACL of any non-inherited ACEs. The parameter ‘-clr’ controls whether to do this for the DACL, the SACL, or both.
setprot:    Set the flag ‘allow inheritable permissions from the parent object to propagate to this object’ to the value specified by parameter ‘-op’.
rstchldrn:  Reset permissions on all sub-objects and enable propagation of inherited permissions. The parameter ‘-rst’ controls whether to do this forthe DACL, the  SACL, or both.
TrusteeAction:  Action to perform on trustee specified:
remtrst:          Remove all ACEs belonging to trustee specified.
repltrst:           Replace trustee ‘n1′ by ‘n2′ in all ACEs.
cpytrst:           Copy the permissions for trustee ‘n1′ to ‘n2′.

DomainAction:  Action to perform on domain specified:
remdom:      Remove all ACEs belonging to trustees of domain specified.
repldom:        Replace trustees from domain ‘n1′ by trustees with same name from domain ‘n2′ in all ACEs.
cpydom:        Copy permissions from trustees from domain ‘n1′ to trustees with same name from domain ‘n2′ in all ACEs.


Trustee:   Name or SID of trustee (user or group). Format:               

a) [(computer | domain)\]name                                  Where:
                        computer:   DNS or NetBIOS name of a computer -> ‘name’ must be a local account on that computer.
                        domain:      DNS or NetBIOS name of a domain -> ‘name’ must be a domain user or group.
                        name:       user or group name
If no computer or domain name is given, SetACL tries to find a SID for ‘name’ in the following order:
1. built-in accounts and well-known SIDs
2. local accounts
3. primary domain
4. trusted domains
b) SID string

Domain:           Name of a domain (NetBIOS or DNS name).

Permission:      Permission to set. Validity of permissions depends on the object type (see below). Comma separated list.
                        Example:    ‘read,write_ea,write_dacl’


IsSID:              
Is the trustee name a SID?
y:          Yes
n:          No

DisplaySID:    
Display trustee names as SIDs?
y:          Yes
n:          No
b:          Both (names and SIDs)

Inheritance:     
Inheritance flags for the ACE. This may be a comma separated list containing the following:
so:         sub-objects
sc:         sub-containers
np:         no propagation
io:         inherit only
Example:    ‘io,so’

Mode:          

Access mode of this ACE:

a)   DACL:
               set:         Replace all permissions for given trustee by those specified.
               grant:      Add permissions specified to existing permissions for given trustee.                  
               deny:      Deny permissions specified.
               revoke:   Remove permissions specified from existing permissions for given trustee.

b)   SACL:
              aud_succ:   Add an audit success ACE.                 
              aud_fail:   Add an audit failure ACE.
               revoke:     Remove permissions specified from existing permissions for given trustee.

Where:        

Apply settings to DACL, SACL, or both (comma separated list):
Dacl
sacl
dacl,sacl


Recursion:     

Recursion settings, depends on object type:
a) file:               
                 no:         No recursion.
                 cont:       Recurse, and process directories only.
                 obj:        Recurse, and process files only.
                 cont_obj:   Recurse, and process directories and files.
b) reg:
                 no:         Do not recurse.
                 yes:        Do Recurse.

Protection:    
Controls the flag ‘allow inheritable permissions from the parent object to propagate to this object’:
nc:         Do not change the current setting.
np:         Object is not protected, i.e. inherits from parent.
p_c:       Object is protected, ACEs from parent are copied.
p_nc:       Object is protected, ACEs from parent are not copied.

Format:        
Which list format to use:
           sddl:       Standardized SDDL format. Only listings in this format can be restored.
           csv:        SetACL’s csv format.
           tab:        SetACL’s tabular format

What:           
Which components of security descriptors to include in the listing. (Comma separated list):
           d:          DACL
           s:          SACL
           o:          Owner
           g:          Primary group

Example:    ‘d,s’

ListInherited:

List inherited permissions?
           y:          Yes
           n:          No


Filename:      
Name of a (unicode) file used for list/backup/restore operations or logging.
Keyword:      
Keyword to filter object names by. Names containing this keyword are not processed.

REMARKS

Required parameters (all others are optional):
-on         (Object name)
-ot         (Object type)

Parameters that may be specified more than once:
                 -actn       (Action)
                 -ace        (Access control entry)
                 -trst       (Trustee)
                 -dom        (Domain)
                 -fltr       (Filter keyword)
Only actions specified by parameter(s) ‘-actn’ are actually performed, regardless of the other options set.
Order in which multiple actions are processed:
                 1.          restore
                 2.          Clear
                 3.          Trustee
                 4.          Domain
                 5.          ace, setowner, setgroup, setprot
                 6.          Rstchldrn
                 7.          list
VALID PERMISSIONS

a) Standard permission sets (combinations of specific permissions)
Files / Directories:
              read:          Read
              write:         Write
              list_folder:   List folder
              read_ex:       Read, execute
              change:        Change
              profile:       = change + write_dacl
              full:          Full access
Printers:
              print:         Print
              man_printer:   Manage printer
              man_docs:      Manage documents
              full:          Full access
Registry:
              read:          Read
              full:          Full access
Service:
              read:          Read
              start_stop:    Start / Stop
              full:          Full access
Share:
              read:          Read
              change:        Change
              full:          Full access

b) Specific permissions

Files / Directories:
              traverse:      Traverse folder / execute file
              list_dir:      List folder / read data
              read_attr:     Read attributes
              read_ea:       Read extended attributes
              add_file:      Create files / write data
              add_subdir:    Create folders / append data
              write_attr:    Write attributes
              write_ea:      Write extended attributes
              del_child:     Delete subfolders and files
              delete:        Delete
              read_dacl:     Read permissions
              write_dacl:    Write permissions
              write_owner:   Take ownership

Registry:              query_val:     Query value
              set_val:       Set value
              create_subkey: Create subkeys
              enum_subkeys:  Enumerate subkeys
              notify:        Notify
              create_link:   Create link
              delete:        Delete
              write_dacl:    Write permissions
              write_owner:   Take ownership
              read_access:   Read control

 
           USAGE ::
<object name>   = Any valid path to local or remote object
<object type>   = {/file | /dir | /printer | /registry | /service | /share}
<action>        = {/deny | /grant | /set | /revoke}
<trustee>       = User/group to grant/deny permissions for, ie. ‘machine\user’
<permissions>
      /file       = {/read | /write | /read_ex | /change | /full | /traverse |
                     /list_dir | /read_attributes | /read_ea | /add_file |
                     /add_subdir | /write_attributes | /write_ea |
                     /delete_child | /delete | /read_dacl | /write_dacl |
                     /write_owner}

      /dir        = {/read | /write | /list_folder | /read_ex | /change |
                     /profile | /full | /traverse | /list_dir |
                     /read_attributes | /read_ea | /add_file | /add_subdir |
                     /write_attributes | /write_ea | /delete_child |/delete |
                     /read_dacl | /write_dacl | /write_owner}
            /printer    = {/print | /man_printer | /man_docs | /full}
      /registry   = {/read | /full | /query_val | /set_val | /create_subkey |
                     /enum_subkeys | /notify | /create_link | /delete |
                     /write_dacl | /write_owner | /read_access}
      /service    = {/read | /start_stop | /full}
      /share      = {/read | /change | /full}

<inheritance>  = {cont_obj_inh | cont_inh | obj_inh | no_prop_inh |
                  inh_only_obj | inh_only_cont | inh_only_cont_obj}

<inh. from parent>
               = {yes | no_copy | no_dont_copy}
<recursion>    = {cont_obj | cont | obj}
/sid           : <trustee> parameter is a SID, not an account/group name.
                 Well-known SIDs can be used.
/silent        : No output whatsoever is displayed if the number of
                 parameters passed is correct.

Remarks
The “object name” parameter:

• Files/directories: Can be a relative path (“filename”), absolute path (“c:\dirname”) or a UNC name (“\\machine\share\dirname“).
• Printers: Can be a local (“printername”) or a remote printer (“\\machine\printername“)
• Registry key: Can be a local (“MACHINE\MyKey”) or a remote registry key (“\\machine\MACHINE\MyKey”).The hive keys must be specified like this: “CLASSES_ROOT”, “CURRENT_USER”, “MACHINE”, “USERS”.
• Service: Can be a local (“servicename”) or a remote service (“\\machine\servicename“).
• Share: Can be a local or remote network share. Always specify: “\\machine\share“.  The “action” parameter:
• ”/grant”: Creates a new access-allowed ACE that combines the specified rights with any existing rights of the trustee. The new ACE replaces any existing access-allowed ACE for the trustee. The program also modifies or deletes any existing access-denied ACE for the trustee that denies the specified rights.
• ”/set”: Similar to /grant except that the new access-allowed ACE allows only the specified rights, discarding any existing rights. This flag also removes any existing access-denied ACE for the trustee.
• ”/deny”: Creates a new access-denied ACE that replaces any existing access-denied ACE for the trustee. The new ACE denies the specified rights in addition to any currently denied rights of the trustee. The program also modifies or deletes any existing access-allowed ACE for the trustee that allows the specified rights.
• ”/revoke”: Removes any existing ACEs for the specified trustee. The program ignores the rights specified.
• The action parameters can be abbreviated by using only the first letter, ie. “/g” instead of “/grant”. The “trustee” parameter:
• This is the user or group you want to set the permission for.
• It can be a any type of local or domain user or group (local/domain user, local group, domain local group, global group or universal group).
• Always use the format ‘machine\user’ or ‘domain\user’. If you want to set permissions for a local group on your local machine, please omit the ‘machine\’ part.
• You can use predefined groups, like “EVERYONE” or “GUEST”. If you do this, a machine name should not be specified.
• The following special names can be used:
o ”CREATOR GROUP”: This is used in conjunction with inheritance. When a new object is created, the system replaces this SID with the primary group SID of the user who created the object.
o ”CREATOR OWNER”: This is used in conjunction with inheritance. When a new object is created, the system replaces this SID with the SID of the user who created the object.
o ”CURRENT_USER”: Indicates the owner of the calling thread or process.
• If the optional parameter “/sid” is used the trustee is expected to be a SID (security ID). This can be very useful if you want to set permissions for generic (built-in) users or groups in a language independent way. Example: on an english machine the administrators group is called “Administrators”; on a german machine it is called “Administratoren”. Hint: the SIDs of generic users/groups are always the same, regardless of OS type or language. A list of generic SIDs can be found here.
The “permissions” parameter:
• The permissions you can set on files, directories and registry keys correspond to the standard and special permissions of Windows 2000.
• I added a set of permissions of my own, “/profile”, which sets the permissions needed for a user profile folder on Windows 2000, which are “change” + “set permissions”.
• The permissions you can set on printers, network shares, services and correspond to the standard permissions of Windows 2000.
The “inheritance” parameter:
• Use this with extreme caution, especially on production machines!
• The correct (standard) inheritance flags are always set for you. If you need to, you can use this parameter to specify special, non-standard inheritance flags.
• If you set permissions on a container (for example, a directory) that contains sub-containers and/or objects, permissions are propagated down the tree.
• The following flags can be used:
o ”/cont_obj_inh”: Both container and noncontainer objects that are contained by the specified container inherit the ACE in addition to the container specified.
o ”/cont_inh”: Other containers that are contained by the specified container inherit the ACE in addition to the container specified.
o ”/obj_inh”: Noncontainer objects contained by the specified container inherit the ACE in addition to the container specified.
o ”/inh_only_obj”: The ACE does not apply to the specified container to which the ACL is applied, but objects contained by the specified container inherit the ACE.
o ”/inh_only_cont”: The ACE does not apply to the specified container to which the ACL is applied, but containers contained by the specified container inherit the ACE.
o ”/inh_only_cont_obj”: The ACE does not apply to the specified container to which the ACL is applied, but containers and objects contained by the specified container inherit the ACE.
o ”/no_prop_inh”: The ACE is not propagated down to lower level objects/containers.
The “inherit from parent” parameter:
• ”yes”: This object inherits permissions from its parent objects. This is the normal setting for any type of object. If you do not specify this optional argument, “yes” is always assumed.
• ”no_copy”: This object blocks permissions from its parent objects. The permissions from the parent object are copied to the object specified and then the permissions are set.
• ”no_dont_copy”: This object blocks permissions from its parent objects. The permissions from the parent object are NOT copied to the object specified which results in an ACL that contains only the permissions set with SetACL.
The “recursion” parameter:
• (Only for registry keys and directories) Walk down the tree and set permissions on every key/directory/file. This is only needed on NT4 and in special cases since Windows 2000 progagates permissions down the tree all by itself.
• ”cont_obj”: Recursively set permissions on every container (registry keys and directories) and object (files).
• ”cont”: Recursively set permissions ONLY on containers (registry keys and directories).
• ”obj”: Recursively set permissions ONLY on objects (files).
The “/sid” parameter:
• If the optional parameter “/sid” is used the trustee is expected to be a SID (security ID). This can be very useful if you want to set permissions for generic (built-in) users or groups in a language independent way. Example: on an english machine the administrators group is called “Administrators”; on a german machine it is called “Administratoren”. Hint: the SIDs of generic users/groups are always the same, regardless of OS type or language. A list of generic SIDs can be found here.
The “/silent” parameter:
• If the optional parameter “/silent” is used no output will be generated if the number of parameters passed to the program is correct. This can be useful if SetACL is used in batch files or from scripts. Successful execution can be checked using the return value which is always set.